In around Tokyo more local appeal, Japan’s Cabinet officially launched Tokyo polarization problems could be corrected.
On March 22, Japan’s Kyodo News Agency reported that Japan’s Cabinet has finalized parts Tokyo, moved out of the central organ of the Basic program. Led is the Japan Department of culture of the departments directly under the Central Government, it will ensure that “to play an equal or higher than the current level of function” premise, in the next few years, Tokyo “full relocation” to Japan’s ancient capitals, Kyoto, its Congress and diplomatic functions remains in Tokyo.
On cultural transfer, Japan Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said the move is correct Tokyo polarization, the development of “creation” of important initiatives. Local officials in Kyoto, welcomed.
This may just be a start to address Tokyo alone, promoting the development of other places, Abe also planned, Japan multiple functions of the Central Office moved out of Tokyo.
Department of culture started Japan moving out of the central organ gun
As Japan’s Cabinet outside the jurisdiction of the Ministry of education, one of the Council’s Department of culture, function is the revitalization of the culture and international exchange, and governed Japan national and religious related to administrative matters.
According to the exposure draft, Japan the relocation of the Office of culture of the Cabinet include: cultural agency, the authorities responsible for the protection of cultural property, as well as with Japan culture promotion most of the domestic authorities. Asahi Shimbun reported on 22nd, about 230 Cultural Affairs staff, Chief Executive the following about 200 Kyoto will be migrated. As planned, the specific relocation information will be published during the year.
Central Government departments moved out of Tokyo, Abe is 2014, and its “creation” part of the plan.
In 2014, to revitalize the local economy, control population declines, Abe’s Government has set up a “city • people • Headquarters work began” to promote correct Tokyo polarizing issues, Abe served as Minister of the sector’s total. Since then, the Abe Government began raising “relevant government authorities to place” proposal.
Kyoto’s most active, has submitted 11 sites for the election.
For a long time, Kyoto trying to persuade Japan’s Central Government moved to Kyoto to Department of culture. But for fear of building construction costs, thought place decided by the Central, still has no movement. Abe will be able to participate, Kyoto was renewed enthusiasm.
Kyoto is Japan’s Millennium capital. Years of history has a wealth of historic sites in Kyoto, is Japan’s traditional culture center. Some analysts believe, cultural Affairs, moved to Kyoto, close to many Japan national key cultural relics, Kyoto, Nara and other regions. While Kyoto’s influence in the world, Japan’s cultural administration to the next level.
Voices of opposition mainly from the Department of culture and officials in Tokyo.
Has long been accustomed to live in Tokyo Japan Central Department officials fear that the advantages of Tokyo from Kyoto cannot be replaced. And the Tokyo local Government also opposed the relocation of the Department of culture, because this could undermine the status and functions of Tokyo.
Local authorities suspected the Cabinet in good faith: 4 large central office relocation on hold
As “creating” an important part of the cultural office relocation if successful, will become Japan’s Central Government departments moved to place mass first.
Japan Chairman of the Kansai economic Federation, the Kansai Electric power company Chairman YEUNG Sum said in detail, hope moved to prove that even without the cultural Hall in Tokyo could also play a role, “as models for Central Government departments and businesses to move to other places. ”
As planned, in addition to cultural Affairs, Abe Cabinet still discussing moving the 6 functions of the Central Office. Among them, Tokushima prefecture applied for an Office of consumer moving in, song mountain counties applied for an Internal Affairs Bureau to move these two will make a decision before the end of August this year. Tourist Office, Patent Office, Office of small and medium enterprises and the Meteorological Office of 4 large Department current programmes as “once the relocation cannot be from the perspective of national policy” for the exclusion move objects, through strengthening of local agencies to deal with in the future.
In addition, Japan Central Government and independent administrative Corporation 22 research institutes and training facilities, is also “moving out” option as well. However, the current overall relocation plan, apply only Osaka Institute of the national institutes of health and nutrition, rest “section features relocation”, most will be taken together with local universities to carry out research, localization, training and other measures.
That may not make Japan the rest of Government is satisfied with. Imports a couple of nuclear software CD will be
This year February, Kyodo on Japan central organ relocation of matters, on all are road House County (equivalent to China of provinces, Japan of provincial local Government has 1 are 1 road 2 House 43 County) for of survey displayed, willing to accepted above 22 home research institutions and training facilities of House County, from last year end of of 31 a drop for 20 a, remaining of 11 a County answered “noncommittal”.
Provinces of interest is, of course, believes that Tokyo sincere enough.
Parts of Japan media with respect, as a measure to correct Tokyo polarization currently lag far behind the content and objectives of the programme.
Such fears are not without foundation. As early as 1987, Japan enacted the fourth national development plan, have clear stress Tokyo’s many functions, construct “Center distributed” strategic vision of land and structures. But this strategic vision, eventually was “an invisible force” to develop new industries such as information, finance to seize the commanding point of international industry, nip it in the bud, at least in the Tokyo area of Shinjuku, Ikebukuro, Shibuya and other places symbolic construction of several “Vice”.
Tokyo fears of a polarization: gradually drained Japan national political, economic, cultural and other resources
With postwar Japan’s rapid economic growth, Tokyo has grown into Japan Centre for economic, political, cultural and other. This gradually developed into an unhealthy “polarization”.
Japan new overseas Chinese newspaper in April 2015, published an article saying that “reigns” in Tokyo, has been drained from Japan national political, economic, cultural and other resources. Japan scholars worried about the trend, most Japanese people will be after “Tokyo”, Japan can also be renamed “Tokyo”, the islands of Japan will become Singapore’s “City State”.
Previously, Japan had three “metropolitan”: Nagoya (Aichi, Gifu, Mie), Kansai (Kyoto, Osaka, and Hyogo, Nara etc), Tokyo metropolitan area. Today, Nagoya and Kansai’s population continued to decline, Tokyo metropolitan area expanded at a faster speed, forming a sweeping “polarization”.
Japan in February this year, released by the end of 2015, Japan census data show that as of October 2015, including foreigners, Japan’s population of 127 million people, 0.7% less than in 2010. This is Japan’s population reduced for the first time since the 1920 initiated an investigation.
But at the same time, Tokyo 1 3 counties (Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa), such as population continues to grow. Tokyo’s population reached 13.51 million, an increase of 2.7%. Tokyo’s population at 36.13 million, 5 year increase of 510,000 people, Japan country than it was 5 years ago the proportion of 0.6% and 28.4%.
In this context, “moving” parts of the central organ, was put on the agenda.
Japan Government and scholars generally believe that moving parts of Tokyo can be mitigated by the central organ “polarization”; the risk of natural disaster reduction; to separation of the political and economic center, promoting the reform of the Government.
Mori also considered in detail, with the information and communication technology and the development of transport networks, Central Government departments and businesses don’t have to must be in Tokyo; from a local perspective, relocation is also important.
However, the financial sector generally opposed this, because they are in the Tokyo area have plenty of property such as real estate and companies, regardless of where the “move” will significantly affect their interests.